Hats, among the most well known types of head wear, are items of clothing placed on top of the head. Specific traits make the hat different from other forms of headgear. For example, a hat is different from a cap; hats have elevated peaks or brims or both peaks and brims. Hats are also bigger than caps. Men and women place hats above their heads but women sometimes use hatpins to keep them in place. They push these hatpins into their hats and through their own hair.

Hat Sizes

To get a properly sized hat that fits right, you should know that in making hats, these are matched according to certain sizes of hats. Oftentimes, in buying hats, hats that aren’t too expensive are termed as either being smalls, mediums, large-sized or extra large-sized. The higher-priced hats are measured more accurately. These are made to fit precise sizes of heads. Such hats have their sizes labeled according to some particular number. Metric sizes for hats are measured based on the lengths of measured heads counted in centimeters. Typically, when measured size values are in between two of the centimeter marks, sizes are rounded up to the next centimeter.

Following the system for numerical hat sizes in America, typical diameters of heads are first calculated by measuring the head’s circumference. This begins at a point a half-inch higher than the level of the ears. This value is then divided by the value of pi. The resulting value is rounded towards the nearest 1/8 of an inch or 1 centimeter. If you’re getting hats coming from the U.K., you must remember that the sizes of their hats are 1/8 smaller than U.S. made hats.

Some people think that they could stretch hats that are several sizes undersized. This could be the case for some hat types but this isn’t an ideal practice if you’re choosing a hat that is supposed to fit precisely based on the head’s size and shape.

The Various Shapes of Hats

Hats are also made for particular shapes and knowing what these are might be just as needed as much as knowing their sizes. Each head has a different width and length as well as different bumps and lumps. Using a dedicated instrument like a conformateur helps buyers in buying the best fitting hat. Some people may have rounded heads, some may have elongated and oval heads. A hat may accommodate various shapes like round ovals and regular ovals, or elongated ovals, and ovals that are X, XX and XXX lengths in measurement.

The Various Parts of a Hat

Those people who want to get hats made to specification would do good to be familiar with the various parts of a hat. This would facilitate discussions with the maker of the hat regarding what they want. Crowns are the parts of the hat that cover the head’s top part. Brims are made from rigid materials and are located underneath the crown of the hat and run throughout the hat’s circumference. Sweatbands are the inside portions of a hat and these are in contact with the top part of the head. Hatbands are ribbons, strips of leather or strings, which are located where the crown and brim portions intersect. These help maintain the hat’s size.

Maintaining Hats

The battle against the elements and inevitable damage are among the things that put at risk a hat’s crisp and new look. Taking care of hats involves being aware of how to clean and keep them properly. Various materials that make up hats would require a variety of methods. For instance, canvas or soft cotton hats might be kept clean the same way normal clothing is kept clean.

A hat made of leather would need specially made cleaning mixes. Using water and mild detergents would make straw hats look new. You could use various ways to work on felt hats such as soft brushes, which would remove dust, and damp towels, which would remove dirt. Stains that don’t come off could be fixed sometimes by using extremely fine-grained sandpapers. In order to keep a hat’s brim fresh, it should be stored in an upside-down fashion. Realize too that good hats could also get smaller as time passes, so it’s a good idea to give them a good stretching now and then.


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